4 times table challenge

The bridge of the 4 times table song (What does the four say) sets the children a challenge.  The lyrics are:

 

The secret of the fours

Is when you look at the units

They go 4-8-2-6-0

As far as you can go

You can do the same

With some other times tables

Which ones can you find?

 

I have just set this as an “optional” challenge (with bonus league table points for the best investigations) to an entire junior school, from year 3 to year 6.  Attached is the printout that I gave the children, with various differentiated suggestions for challenges, although I’m happy for them to ignore my ideas and take it any way they like.

Challenge

Within minutes, some of the year 6’s were coming up with their own investigations.  One girl commented to me that if you look at 4-8-2-6-0 backwards it reads 6-2-8-4-0, which is the pattern of units in the 6 times table.  I asked her to investigate why that is the case, and to see if she can find other pairs of times tables where the same thing happens.  Another boy started talking about how with the 9 times table the tens go up and the units go down.  I asked him to investigate why, and to try out other times tables to see what the pattern is there.  I’m hoping both will notice the role played by number bonds, without too much prompting from me.

I will blog again with the results of their investigations.

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Hints and tips – How to run a music collaboration with a secondary school

The musical times tables project works brilliantly as a standalone project in a single school.  The children enjoy singing songs that they know, it is effective in helping them (and the teachers!) learn their times tables, and they love writing their own songs to be performed by the school.  But collaborating with a secondary school really steps it up a notch!

What the secondary school get from it:

  • Kudos and great PR
  • A motivating project for A-level music students…
  • …Which could contribute towards two separate modules (Performance and Music in the community)
  • Enjoyment for all involved (including the leadership of the school and the federation, who came to watch part of the event and loved it!)

What the secondary school need to provide:

  • Band
  • Venue and technical support for recording
  • Some time after recording for mastering/post-production (for our 6 songs this took one afternoon of an engineer’s time)
  • Time and support for the band to practise the songs (I spent 6 hours outside my usual job role attending their music lessons to provide instruction – this could have been done by a Secondary school teacher)

Here’s the process I followed (in addition to the weekly assemblies with the year 5/6 children):

  • Early Feb – emailed the Director of Music with the idea of the project.  It took very little to persuade him!
  • Throughout Feb – created the musical arrangements in Sibelius (music software), which exports pdf music and sound files for the full arrangement and for each individual part
  • Throughout Feb – Director of Music put together a band of year 12 students
  • Late Feb/early March – started meeting some of the students (the Director of Music brought them to our assembly)
  • Late Feb/early March – shared the Sibelius export files with the secondary teachers and students using dropbox
  • Throughout March – secondary students practise their music at home and start rehearsing together in their music lessons
  • Mid March – assemblies stepped up to twice weekly, to get extra time to rehearse the children and tidy up the songs
  • End March – attended 2 triple music lessons to advise and direct the band – this proved to be vital, although if I had taken less of a key role in the process they would have been able to manage it themselves with their teachers
  • 2 days in advance – double-length assembly with half of the band attending – to run through the final structures of the tunes and to prep the children on what to expect in a recording situation (e.g. lots of patience, re-runs, leads trailing over the floor, red light means silence for recording, OK to chat in the gaps but need to quieten down ultra-quickly at my whistle, etc)
  • Early April – Recorded the tunes in the secondary school theatre, with the band playing live throughout.  Behaviour was exempliary and the children picked themselves up to sing with energy even on the 5th take of each song.

Cross-curricular benefits from music

Let me caveat this blog post before I start.  I’m not an expert in pedagogy, music or otherwise.  I’m an enthusiastic beginner.  But from my experience and from what I have read, I do sense that music needs to fight its corner to be given importance in a school’s curriculum.

This project has demonstrated how valuable music can be as a memory aid across the curriculum, and in driving collaboration between schools.  Children have been more engaged in learning times tables, and they are beginning to stick in their memories more.  If my ideas come off, we will soon be putting on a concert, which will have benefits across Maths, English, Business Studies and Music at both primary and secondary level, and engaging and motivating pupils with an exciting, real-life project.

What other subject can have benefits so widely across the curriculum?  What other subject can so engage and inspire almost every child in a school?  What other subject can involve hundreds of people, of a wide range of ages, in such an active way?

As a management consultant working in large global organisations, I was constantly under pressure to prove the impact and benefit of my work outside my specific area and more widely across the firm and their clients.  From my limited experience, I sense something familiar within arts education.  The big hook which excited my secondary colleagues during our very first meeting was that music was having an impact outside the music department, more widely across the school.

Clearly there are massive cognitive and social benefits for children lucky enough to go to a school with a strong music department, but the department seems to be under unspoken pressure prove its value.  What better way than by writing songs to help children with anything that requires rote learning – times tables, grammar, Kings and Queens, chemical equations…

Hints and tips – How to write a good song

Before starting the times tables project, in Christmas 2013 I got involved in the school Nativity service at our local church.  The children rewrote lyrics to popular songs so that they were about the nativity.  We chose “I need a dollar” by Aloe Blacc, which became “I need some shelter”, and “Firework” by Katy Perry.  Over 30 children gave up two lunchtimes to work on this.

I gave them a worksheet containing the original song lyrics (and they could listen to the mp3), and some ideas to include.  The worksheets contain some of my original ideas – clearly the children didn’t like them because very quickly they were asking if they could rewrite the words, and rather annoyingly they did a better job!

Both attachments are below.

Xmas song ideas

Xmas tunes lyrics worksheets

I also gave them each a slip of A6 paper, which unfortunately I’ve now lost, which said something like this below

You know you’ve written a good song if

  • the syllables fit nicely in each line
  • the rhyming works well
  • it sounds good when you sing it to yourself and your friends
  • the words make sense
  • it’s about the correct topic
  • it makes you want to listen to it some more

These were very useful in getting the children to check through their own songs before giving them to me, and enabled me to give them very specific feedback.  Now I have spent some time in schools I realise these are called “success criteria”!

Hints and tips – How to take this project further

Here are some ideas of how you could extend the times tables project.  Some of these we are doing, some are planned and some are just random ideas we would love to do if we have time.

  • ICT – children animate their times tables and edit music videos, for uploading to youtube
  • Maths – analysis of data from the league table and from youtube once we upload the video
  • Collaboration/competition between other schools – either actual visits to local schools or virtually using Skype.  How amazing would it be to hear from a school in another country who have created their own song, from their own musical heritage.
  • Literacy – working with children to write their own songs/poems – exploring rhythm, rhyme/half-rhyme and poetic license
  • Art – design CD covers and labels
  • Collaboration with other schools, youth groups and other community organisations on recording/performing these songs
    • Planning and running a concert (including financial planning and writing the business plan) is a great cross-curricular project for primary and secondary, hitting maths, English and business studies curriculums
  • More musical events – concerts, busking etc

Please reply to this blog with any other ideas you have!

Please share your experience with us

This “Blog” category is for people to share their experience.

Please feel free to download and use anything you find on this blog site.  It would be great if you could leave a message telling us how it’s been going in your school.  We would love to link with other schools around the country and the world – Skype lessons/assemblies to sing each other our songs, competitions/league tables and so on…

If your school is anything like mine, you will find that the children get very enthusiastic and quickly start writing their own songs.  Please record them and share them on this site!

Times Tables League Table

At Summerhill we like a bit of inter-class competition.  So we created a Times Tables league table of the six classes (3 year 5’s and 3 year 6’s).  Classes could earn points one of two ways – from singing the songs well and from performing well in a quickfire times tables quiz.

The process:

Each Wednesday I would teach the latest song to the whole upper school in assembly.

They would then have one week to practise it.  Everyone really got into this and classes were practising the whole time – last thing before break, coming in from break, getting changed for PE, as a mid-lesson energiser etc.  It only takes 2 minutes to find, open up and sing the song.

The following Wednesday morning I would then visit each class for 5 minutes to hear them sing and do a 60-second quickfire quiz, firing times tables questions randomly around the class.  If a child was stuck I would wait no more than 5 seconds, tell them to keep thinking and shout out when they had the answer, and fire the next question.

Each Wednesday assembly, after learning the next song, I would present the league table.

This whole process took 30-45 minutes of my time each week, depending on how disturb-able the lessons were when I knocked on the teachers’ doors (often they were in the middle of something so I had to come back later), plus 15 minutes to award points and update the league table.  I was able to fit this easily around my Teaching Assistant role.

The points system:

1 point per correct answer in the quiz.

After a few weeks, when we had built up a bank of songs, I gave classes the option to take the quiz on just one times table (1 point per correct answer) or a mix of all the ones we had learnt (more difficult, but 2 points per correct answer).  All chose the mix, and all got higher points.

Bonus points for singing the song, for the top 3 classes only.  For the 7’s (Mamma Mia) the bonus points were 7 points for 3rd place, 14 for 2nd place and 21 for 1st place.  For the 8’s (Don’t Stop Believing) it was 8, 16 and 24.  And so on.  The children picked up on this very quickly!

Singing the songs well didn’t necessarily mean singing it loudly – this would be unfair on the classes who had put in the effort but were a bit shy – points went to the classes where the most children were singing.

All the way through I found that a class would be bottom of the table for a week or two, very despondent, then pull themselves together, work really hard and leap up the table.  This didn’t need any fixing from me!

Prizes:

The competition lasted two terms, from the start of January up to Easter.  Midway through, as an interim prize, I took the leading class (5RC) to another primary school in our Federation to sing in their assembly and teach their children the songs.  The final prize for the overall winner is a music day at Kings Oak secondary school, to be organised some time after SATs and GCSEs.  The students from the band (see my blog about recording a CD) will run a series of music workshops for the children.